How to Install and Configure an FTP Command Line Client

Here we can see, “How to Install and Configure an FTP Command Line Client”

You’ll like the FTP command that comes with Windows if you’re a command-line junkie. It isn’t attractive, but it serves its purpose. In a typical session, you connect to an FTP server (in this case, ftp.lowewriter.com), navigate to a directory (in this case, photos), download a file, and then log off.

To begin, open a command window by selecting StartRun, typing Command in the text box, and clicking OK. Go to the location where you wish to save the files you want to download. Although you can modify the local working directory from within the FTP command, it’s often quicker to start FTP from the correct location.

To start FTP, type FTP followed by the name of the FTP server, for example:

C:>ftp ftp.lowewriter.com

The FTP command connects to the site, displays the banner message, and prompts you to log on: Assuming you typed the site name correctly, the FTP command connects to the site, displays the banner message, and prompts you to log on:

Connected to ftp.lowewriter.com.
220-Microsoft FTP Service
220 We have 999 spooks here, but there's always room for one more! To volunteer, log in as Anonymous.
User (ftp.lowewriter.com:(none)):

Type Anonymous and then press Enter to log on anonymously. The server replies that Anonymous access is permitted and requests your email address as a password:

331 Anonymous access allowed, send identity (e-mail name) as password.
Password:

Press Enter after typing your email address as the password. The ftp> prompt appears after the Welcome message:

230-Welcome to my FTP site! For spooky Halloween pictures, check out the Pics folder.
230 Anonymous user logged in.
ftp>

The FTP command waits for you to input a subcommand whenever you encounter the ftp> prompt. To see a directory listing, type dir first:

200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for /bin/ls.
06-30-07 08:05PM <DIR> pics
06-30-07 07:55PM 2365 readme.txt
06-30-07 07:55PM <DIR> sounds
06-30-07 07:56PM <DIR> videos
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 190 bytes received in 0.00Seconds 190000.00Kbytes/sec.
ftp>

As you can see, the dir command’s response isn’t quite as tidy as an MS-DOS command’s output. Even yet, the directory has three subdirectories — photos, sounds, and videos — and a single file named readme.txt. The file is 2,365 bytes in size.

Here’s a thought for you: Why does the response read 200 PORT command successful when you type a dir command? The solution is related to the FTP protocol’s operation. When you use the dir command, the FTP client sends a PORT command to the server, which opens a data transfer port and then returns the directory listing.

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The server responds that the PORT command opened a data transmission port successfully, and the directory listing is then returned. Finally, it sends two more lines: one indicating that the transfer is complete (that is, that the dir output was successfully sent), and the other summarising the number of bytes sent and the data transfer rate.

Because the files you wish to download are in the pics subfolder, the next Command you should run is cd pics. As a result, the following output is produced:

250 CWD command successful.
ftp>

The Command’s result isn’t exactly what you’d anticipate yet again. The CD command does not exist in the FTP protocol, and instead, it changes the directory using the CWD command, which stands for change working directory. To be more consistent with the Windows/MS-DOS user interface, which uses command CD to shift directories, the Windows FTP client utilises command CD instead of CWD. The FTP client sends a CWD command to the FTP server when you type a CD command at the ftp> prompt. The message CWD command successful is returned by the server, indicating that the directory has been updated.

After that, type dir once more. The FTP server displays the directory listing for the photos directory:

200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for /bin/ls.
06-27-07 10:04PM 123126 door.jpg
06-27-07 10:06PM 112457 echair.jpg
06-27-07 10:06PM 81610 fence.jpg
06-27-07 10:09PM 138102 fog.jpg
06-27-07 10:09PM 83712 gallows.jpg
06-27-07 10:10PM 166741 ghost.jpg
06-27-07 09:58PM 119859 skel01.jpg
06-27-07 10:05PM 87720 wall.jpg
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 400 bytes received in 0.00Seconds 400000.00Kbytes/sec.
ftp>

The photos directory includes eight files, as you can see. You use the GET command to download a file, supplying the file’s name you want to download. Type get door.jpg to download the door.jpg file, for example. The file is transferred to your computer by the FTP server, which shows the following response:

200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for door.jpg(123126 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 123126 bytes received in 0.13Seconds 985.01Kbytes/sec.
ftp>

It’s worth noting that the answer reveals that the server’s actual Command is a PORT command. The file is sent in ASCII format. The complete transfer takes 0.13 seconds, equalling a 985K per second transfer rate.

After you’ve downloaded the file, type bye to stop the session. FTP displays the site’s farewell message before returning you to the MS-DOS command prompt:

221 Hurry back…
C:>

FTP is, of course, a lot more complicated than this brief session shows. Even yet, the most typical application of FTP is to download files, and most downloads aren’t much more difficult than this.

Conclusion

I hope you found this information helpful. Please fill out the form below if you have any questions or comments.

User Questions:

  1. How can I use the command line to FTP?
  • Open the Command prompt window on your computer.
  • Type FTP hostname> or IP address> in the command prompt window.
  • Enter the code.
  • If you’re asked for a password, type it in.
  • Type the FTP command at the ftp> prompt and press Enter.
  • To end the session, type quit or bye.

2. What is the best way to run an FTP client?

FTP Accounts can be found in the Files area of cPanel. Click Configure FTP Client for the FTP account you wish to set up on your FTP client under FTP Accounts. Under the preferred FTP client, select FTP Configuration File. Your local PC will receive the configuration file.

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3. How do you write the steps for using an FTP client?

Here’s where you can get the WinSCP client and install it.

  • Start the programme.
  • In the format ftp.server name.com, type the name of your FTP server.
  • User1@server name.com is the format for your hostname.
  • Choose port 21.
  • Login by clicking the Login button.

4. How can I use the command prompt to upload to an FTP server?

Use the put command from the FTP prompt to upload a file to an FTP server. Navigate to the appropriate directory on the FTP server and run the following command to upload a file. It will upload the local system file c:filesfile1.txt to the FTP server’s uploads directory.

5. What is the procedure for connecting to FTP?

  • FileZilla is a free programme that you may download and install on your computer.
  • Obtain your FTP credentials (these steps use our generic settings)
  • Start FileZilla.
  • Fill in the following details: ftp.mydomain.com or ftp.yourdomainname.com are examples of hosts.
  • To connect quickly, select Quickconnect.
  • FileZilla will try to establish a connection.

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